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DD UD
Er. Kame Bengia
Deputy Director, UD and Housing
  West Kameng District, Bomdila.

                  

Initially the Department of UD & HOUSING was under the umbrella of Arunachal Pradesh Public Works Department being designated as the Director of Estate. The Executive Engineer from the PWD Department was use to transfer and posted to function as the Director of Estate till 1996.

                  But in the year 1997, it has been bifurcated from the PWD Deptt. and functioning independently as the Director of Housing. Later on the Director of the Housing has been upgraded to the rank of S.E of the allied Deptt.

                  Accordingly, to implement the Various CSS schemes such as SJSRY, the STATE URBANDEVELOPMENT AGENCY (SUDA) to function in the state level and DISTRICT URBAN DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES (DUDAs) to Function in the District level were formed to work under the Director of UD & HOUSING.
Hence, as per the guide lines of SJSRY the UPO's in the rank of AE's and AUPO's in the rank of J.E's as of the allied engineering deptts. were created and posted at various District to function under the Deputy Commissioner cum Chairman DUDA till 2004.

                  In the year 2005, the Director of UD & HOUSING has been upgraded to the rank of Chief Engineer of other allied engineering deptt. and re-designated as Chief Engineer cum Director and simultaneously the govt. has declared the deptt. of UD & HOUSING as fully working Department.
Subsequent upon this declaration the subordinate staffs like S.E cum Joint Director and D~puty Directors in the equivalent powers and functions of the Executive Engineers were created.
Thus, the Deputy Director UD & Housing Bomdila is head of the Deptt. for implementing various works/schemes under UD & Housing of Bomdila.

                  The following scheme is being implemented under UD & Housing/ District Urban Development Agency, (DUDA), West Kameng District :-
1.SWARNA JAYANTI SHAHARI ROZGAR YOZNA(SJSRY):-

                  The SJSRY Scheme shall seek to provide gainful employment to the urban unemployed or underemployed poor through encouraging the setting -up of self employed ventures or provision of wage employment. This Programme will rely on creation of suitable Community Structures on the UBSP Pattern and delivery of inputs under this programme shall be through the medium of urban Local Bodies and such community structures.
This scheme shall be funded on 75:25 basis between the centre and the state.

  1. The Urban Self Employment Programme (USEP)
  2. (II) The Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP)

SALIENT FEATURES:-
                  
                   The Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojna shall rest on a foundation of community empowerment Rather then relying on the traditional method of top down implementing , this programme shall rely on extablishing and promoting community organizations and structures to provide supporting and facilitating mechanism for local development . Towards this end community organizations like neighborhood Groups (NGHs), Neighborhood committees (NHCs), and Community Development Societies (CDSs) shall be set up in the target areas based on the UBSP pattern (Annexure IV). The CDSs shall be the focal point for purposes of identification of beneficiaries, preparation of applications , monitoring of recovery , and generally providing whatever other support is necessary to the programme. The CDSs will also identify viable projects suitable for that particular area.

THE URBAN SELF EMPLOYEMENT PROGRAMME (USEP):-
                   This programme will have three distinct part:-

  1. Assistance to individual urban poor beneficiaries for setting up gainful self-employment ventures.
  2. (ii) Assistance to groups of urban poor women for setting up gainful self employment ventures. This sub-schemes may be called "The Scheme for Development of women and children in the Urban Areas (DWCUA)".
  3. (iii) Training beneficiaries , potential beneficiaries and other persons associated with the urban employment programme for Upgradation and acquisition of vocational entrepreneurial skills.

COVERAGE
                (i) The Programme will be applicable to all urban towns in India.
                (ii) The Programme will be implemented on a whole town basis with special emphasis on urban poor clusters.
TARGET GROUPS
                (i) The Programme shall target the urban poor, defined as those living below the urban poverty line, as defined from time to time.
COMPONENTS

Self -employment through setting up Micro- enterprises and skill development: -

                This programme encourages under-employed and unemployed urban youth to setup small enterprises relating to servicing , petty business and manufacturing , for which there is a lot of potential in urban areas. Local Skills and local crafts are encouraged for this purpose. Each Town has to develop a compendium of such projects/activities keeping in view cost , marketability , economic viability etc. to avoid duplication with the ongoing Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY), this component of SJSRY in confined to below poverty line beneficiaries who have got education upto ninth standard with emphasis on those given a higher priority on the basis of the non-economic criteria. The maximum unit cost will be RS.50,000 and maximum allowable subsidy will be 15% of the project cost, subject to a limit of Rs.7,500. The beneficiary is required to contribute 5% of the project cost as margin money.

  1. Development of women and children in Urban Areas(DWCUA):-

                This scheme is distinguished by the special incentive extended to urban poor women who decide to set up self-employment ventures in a group as opposed to individual effort. Groups of urban poor women shall take up an economic activity suited to their skill, training, aptitude, and local conditions. Besides generation of income, this group strategy shall strive to empower the urban poor women by making them independent as also providing a facilitating atmosphere for self-employment.
To be eligible for subsidy under this scheme, the DWCUA group consists of at least 10 urban poor women.

THE URBAN WAGE EMPLOYEMENT PROGRAME (UWEP)
                This programme shall seek to provide wage employment to beneficiaries living below poverty line within the jurisdiction of urban local bodies by utilizing their labour for construction of socially and economically useful public assets.
This programme shall apply to urban local bodies, the population of which was less than 5 Lakhs as per the 1991 Census.
                The material labour ratio for works under this programme shall be maintained at 60:40. The prevailing minimum wage rate, as notified from time to time for each area, shall be paid to beneficiaries under this programme.
                This programme shall be dove tailed with the State sector EIUS scheme as well as the NSDP. This programme is not designed to either replace or substitute the EIUS, the NSDP, or any other State sector schemes.

2. URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT SCHEME FOR SMALL AND MADIUM TOWNS (UIDSSMT) AND INTEGRATED HOUSING AND SLUM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES (IHSDP)
                The Department of UD & Housing, Bomdila is preparing and executing the schemes/Projects under urban Infrastructure Development Schemes for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programmes (IHSDP) sponsored by ministry of Urban Development, New Delhi. These are the sub Component of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission ( JNNURM) launched by the Prime Minister of India on 3rd December'2005.
INTRODUCTION :-(UIDSSMT)

  1. Urban infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns aims at Improvement in urban infrastructure in towns and cities in a planned manner. It shall subsume the existing schemes of integrated development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT) and Accelerated urban water supply programme (AUWSP).

DURATION OF THE SCHEME:-
        The duration of the scheme will be for seven years beginning from 2005-06.
COVERAGE

  1.  The Scheme will apply to all cities /towns as per 2001 census, excepting cities /towns covered under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
  2. Allocation of funds among states will be on the basis of the State's urban population.

Admissible Components: -

The Scheme will Cover the following areas
:-

(i) Urban Renewal i.e redevelopment of inner (old) city areas [this would include items like widening of narrow streets, shifting of industrial /commercial establishments from non-conforming (inner-city) to "conforming" ( Outer-city) areas to reduce congestion, replacement of old and worn-out water pipes by new/higher capacity ones, renewal of sewerage /drainage/solid waste disposal system, etc.]
(ii) Water Supply ( including de- salination plants) and sanitation.
(iii) Sewerage and Solid Waste Management.
(iv) Construction and improvement of drain's /storm water drains.
(v) Construction /Upgradation of roads/ highway/expressways.
(vi) Parking lots/spaces on public private partnership basis.
(vii) Development of heritage areas.
(viii) Prevention & rehabilitation of soil erosion/landslides only in case of special category states where such problems are common and
(ix) Preservation of water bodies.

FINANCIAL PATTERN:-
In case of cities/towns in North Eastern States and Jammu & Kashmir sharing of funds would be in the ratio of 90: 1 0 between Central & State Government.

INTRODUCTION :-( IHSDP)

                  Integrated Housing and slum Development programmes at combining the existing schemes of VAMBAY and NSDP (of SJSRY) under the new IHSDP scheme for having an integrated approach in ameliorating the conditions of the urban slum dwellers who do not possess adequate shelter and reside in dilapidated conditions.
The scheme is applicable to all cities and towns as per 2001 Census except cities/towns covered under Jawaharlal Nehru National Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
The scheme seeks to enhance public and private investments in housing and infrastructural development in urban areas.

OBJECTIVES:-

                  The basic objectives of the scheme is to holistic slum development with at healthy enabling urban environment by providing adequate shelter and basic infrastructure facilities to the slum dwellers of the identified urban areas.

COVERAGE:-

                  The scheme will apply to all cities /towns , excepting cities/towns covered under JNNURM. The target group under the scheme is slum dwellers from all sections of the community through a cluster approach.


COMPONENTS:-
                  (i)  The components for assistance under the scheme will include all slum improvement /Upgradation/ relocation projects including Upgradation/ new construction of houses and infrastructural facilities, like, water supply and sewerage . Cost of land for such projects will not be provided under the programme and has to be borne by the state Government. In case the project is to be taken on private land, which is to be acquired by the state, cost of land may also be part of the project costing only in the case of North Eastern states and the hilly States of Himachal Pradesh, Utranchal and Jammu & Kashmir.

(ii) Ceiling Cost for Dwelling Unit will be @ RS.80,000 per unit for cities other than those covered under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban renewal Mission (JNNURM). This ceiling cost will, however, reviewed after one year.

                  For special category/hilly states and difficult/far flung areas,12.5% additionally will be permissible over the above the prescribed ceiling cost per dwelling unit.

(iii) Selection of Beneficiaries: - By SUDA/DUDA/ULBs/Government Nodal  Agency authorized by the state Government.

(iv) Minimum Floor Area of Dwelling Unit: - Not less than 25 sq.mtrs. Area and preferably two room accommodation plus kitchen and toilet should be constructed.

(v) Infrastructure Development and Maintenance in the slums:-State Government should ensure a separate provision for upkeep and maintenance of the public assets created under the scheme.

(vi) Beneficiary Contribution:- Housing should not provided free to the beneficiaries by the state Government . A minimum of 12% beneficiaries contribution should be stipulated, which in the case of SC/ST/BC/OBC/PH and other weaker sections shall be 10%.

FINANCIAL PATTERN

                  1. For Special category States, the funding pattern between Centre and the States will be the ratio of  90:10.

4. NLCPR SCHEMES

                   Other infrastructure schemes under 10% lump sum provisions for the benefit of N.E states including the sikkim are also being availed from the ministry of Urban Development Govt. Of India.
Recently completed project, C/o shopping complex and parking place at Bomdila has also been availed from the said scheme. Another Project, Infrastructure Development at Dirang township implementing at present is also availed from the said scheme and many other projects have been submitted to the GOI for sanction.

5. MICELLANEOUS:-
                  Over the last few years the Deptt of UD & Housing, Bomdila has successfully completed the following projects at Bomdila.
(a) C/o. Buddha Stadium at Bomdila.
(b) C/o. Multi Sports Complex at Bomdila.
(c) C/o. Court Building at Bomdila.
(d) C/o. Wel Come Gate at Bomdila
.

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